L>Freedom: A history of US. Webisode 3: Liberty for All? Segment 2 | PBS
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Segment 2
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Religious ToleranceThe tiny Plymouth colony soon heard reports native England the were not good. Under the brand-new king, Charles I, things were even worse because that the spiritual dissidents—who called themselves "Puritans." They hoped to "purify" the Church that England. Yet the king wouldn"t permit them. So in between 1630 and 1640, 20,000 Puritans cruised for brand-new England . They wanted to exercise their religious beliefs in peace. They wanted to construct a holy community where civilization would live through the rules of the Bible. They supposed their Massachusetts Bay colony to be an example for all the world. Among the colony"s governors, man Winthrop, explained: "We must consider that we shall be together a city upon a hill. The eye of all people are top top us."The Puritans were seeking freedom, but they didn"t understand the idea the toleration. They pertained to America to find spiritual freedom—but only for themselves. Lock had small tolerance or even respect because that the Pequot Indians, that lived in surrounding Connecticut and Rhode Island. They called them heathens. As more and an ext Puritan inhabitants moved right into their land, the Pequots got angry and resisted. In 1637 war damaged out, and also the Puritans, aided by Mohican and Narraganset Indian allies, massacred 600 Pequots in their fort, burning numerous alive. Wilhelm Bradford, who was there, wrote, "It to be a fearful sight to check out them � frying in the fire � but the victory appeared � sweet � end so proud � an enemy."Ministers like the Reverend john Cotton taught that it was wrong come practice any religion other than Puritanism. Those that did would certainly be help the devil. They believed they adhered to the just true religious beliefs so everyone must be forced to prayer as they did. " liberty � come tell lies in the name of the Lord," claimed John Cotton.But one Puritan minister called Roger Williams disagreed. That said, "Forced worship stinks in God"s nostrils."Roger Williams didn"t believe in forcing others to think as the did. He thought that killing or punishing in the name of Christianity was sinful. He respect the ideas of others, including the indigenous Americans. He claimed that church members have to pay the receipt for their church rather of taking the money the end of everyone"s general taxes. Climate he began preaching the land shouldn"t it is in forcibly taken from the Indians. That said, " versus the testimony of Christ Jesus because that the polite state to impose ~ above the souls of the world a religion�. Jesus never called for the sword of steel to assist the knife of spirit ."Those to be strange ideas in seventeenth-century Massachusetts. Williams to be arrested and banished. The fled south, bought land from the Indians, and also started a colony called Providence . That would end up being the resources of Rhode Island . In i get it Williams"s time that attracted plenty of who were not wanted elsewhere, specifically those that were in search of "freedom of conscience"—the liberty to believe and worship as they wished. Williams welcomed everyone, Quakers and also Catholics, Jews and also atheists, also when the disagreed through their religion. Century later, a biographer named Edmund Morgan created this around Williams"s ideas: "We may praise him � because that his defense of liberty and the separation the church and state. The deserves the tribute � yet it falls short of the man. His greatness to be simpler. That dared to think." In 1763, many thanks to the setting of tolerance that roger Williams fostered, Rhode Island came to be the residence of the very first permanent Jewish residence of praise in America, the Touro Synagogue. You deserve to still check out it today.


You are watching: Which of the following best describes religious toleration in puritan communities in the 1600s?


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that freedom is adjusted from the award-winning Oxford University press multi-volume publication series, A history of us by joy Hakim? Segment 3
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