Ratios and Proportions identical Ratios Proportion solving Ratio and ProportionRatios and Proportions

Ratios are used to compare quantities. Ratios aid us to compare quantities and also determine the relation between them. A ratio is a compare of two comparable quantities obtained by dividing one amount by the other. Due to the fact that a proportion is only a comparison or relation between quantities, the is an abstract number. Because that instance, the proportion of 6 miles to 3 miles is only 2, not 2 miles. Ratios room written v the” : “symbol.

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If two quantities cannot be expressed in terms of the same unit, there cannot it is in a ratio in between them. For this reason to compare 2 quantities, the units should be the same.

Consider an instance to uncover the proportion of 3 kilometres to 300 m.First transform both the ranges to the same unit.

So, 3 kilometres = 3 × 1000 m = 3000 m.

Thus, the compelled ratio, 3 kilometres : 300 m is 3000 : 300 = 10 : 1

Equivalent Ratios

Different ratios can likewise be contrasted with each various other to recognize whether they room equivalent or not. To do this, we need to write the ratios in the form of fountain and then compare them by convert them to favor fractions. If these prefer fractions room equal, we say the given ratios are equivalent. We can find equivalent ratios by multiply or dividing the numerator and also denominator by the same number. Consider an example to examine whether the ratios 1 : 2 and 2 : 3 equivalent.

To examine this, we need to recognize whether


We have,


We discover that

which method that

Therefore, the ratio 1 :2 is not indistinguishable to the ratio 2 : 3.


The ratio of two quantities in the exact same unit is a fraction that shows how numerous times one quantity is higher or smaller sized than the other. Four quantities are said to it is in in proportion, if the proportion of very first and second quantities is equal to the ratio of third and fourth quantities. If two ratios room equal, then us say the they space in proportion and also use the prize ‘:: ’ or ‘=’ to equate the 2 ratios.

Solving Ratio and Proportion

Ratio and also proportion difficulties can be resolved by using 2 methods, the unitary method and also equating the ratios to do proportions, and also then addressing the equation.

For example,

To inspect whether 8, 22, 12, and also 33 are in relationship or not, we have to discover the ratio of 8 to 22 and also the proportion of 12 to 33.


Therefore, 8, 22, 12, and 33 are in ratio as 8 : 22 and 12 : 33 space equal. When 4 terms room in proportion, the very first and 4th terms are recognized as extreme terms and also the 2nd and 3rd terms are recognized as middle terms. In the above example, 8, 22, 12, and also 33 to be in proportion. Therefore, 8 and 33 are known as too much terms while 22 and 12 are known as center terms.

The technique in i m sorry we first find the value of one unit and then the value of the required variety of units is known as unitary method.

Consider an instance to uncover the expense of 9 bananas if the expense of a dozen bananas is Rs 20.

1 dozen = 12 units

Cost of 12 bananas = Rs 20

∴ cost of 1 bananas = Rs


∴ cost of 9 bananas = Rs


This an approach is well-known as unitary method.

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Summary We have learnt, Ratios are used to compare quantities. Because a proportion is only a compare or relation between quantities, that is an abstract number. Ratios can be written as fractions. They additionally have all the properties of fractions. The proportion of 6 to 3 need to be stated as 2 to 1, however common intake has reduce the expression the ratios to be dubbed simply 2. If two amounts cannot be expressed in regards to the same unit, there cannot it is in a ratio in between them. If any type of three terms in a proportion space given, the fourth may it is in found. The product the the method is equal to the product that the extremes. That is essential to remember that to usage the proportion; the ratios need to be same to each other and also must stay constant.

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mslsec.com,. (2013). Ratios and also Proportions. Retrieved 13 October 2021, from mslsec.com/?sub=100&brch=300&sim=1556&cnt=3676