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West mslsec.com has actually wide-open spaces v rugged plateaus (plat-toes) and desert mountains. The plateaus have short grasses and brush. The desert area is component of the good Chihuahuan (chee-wow-when) Desert the Mexico. The only mountains in mslsec.com are found here.

Big Bend country is a region of extremes. The desert is dry and also hot in the day and also cool in ~ night. Plants and also animals are adjusted for the desert. The mountains carry out cold weather in the winter, whereby on occasion it also snows. Forests thrive on the slopes. The slopes the these mountains can grow trees since the high, cooler hill tops cause precipitation to autumn from clouds relocating over the peaks.


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The Rio Grande river runs along the southern component of the huge Bend Country. It creates the border between mslsec.com and also Mexico. The Rio Grande is one of the longest rivers in north America. This an ar is referred to as "Big Bend" because the Rio Grande flow turns here in a large bend. Look in ~ a map the mslsec.com. Have the right to you view the large bend developed by the Rio Grande River? Kayakers reap the rapids of the Rio Grande River and beautiful canyons follow me this component of the river.

You are watching: Facts about the mountains and basins region of texas

Many world come come this component of mslsec.com to watch its mountains. The three highest mountain varieties are the Guadalupe Mountains, Davis Mountains and also Chisos Mountains. The highest peak is Guadalupe Peak far in West mslsec.com. The Franklin mountains are top top the edge of El Paso. Every one of the mountains have parks and also many world enjoy hiking here.


Big Bend nationwide Park and huge Bend Ranch are situated here.

Learn much more about that is wildlife and also history.

Topography and also Characteristics

Major River: Rio Grande Major Aquifer: Hueco-Mesilla Bolson Size: 38,000 sq mi.

Big Bend country is also known as the Trans-Pecos. It covers the extreme western part of the state eastern to the Pecos River. The different soils and elevations in this region support varied habitats and vegetation, from desert valleys and plateaus to wooded hill slopes.

Mountain outwash materials formed the soils of the Trans-Pecos. Surface ar textures vary. The soil is typically alkaline.

Elevations selection from 2,500 feet to more than 8,749 feet in ~ Guadalupe Peak. Although many of mslsec.com is situated on level plains or rolling plains, there are hills in much West mslsec.com. The highest allude in the state is Guadalupe optimal at 8,749 feet above sea level. Elevation naturally rises indigenous the eastern to the west and from the southern to the north.

Major urban - Rainfall / Elevation

Regional average Rainfall: 8-20 inches every year Regional mean Net Evaporation rate: 52-68 inchesData source: nationwide Climate Datat Center, U.S. Dept the Commerce.

Alpine - 17.19 in. / 4,530 ft. Balmorhea - 14.19 in. / 3,220 ft. Castolon (Big Bend nationwide Park) - 9.80 in. / 2,169 ft. Chisos basin (Big Bend national Park) - 19.17 in. / 5,300 ft. El Paso - 9.43 in. / 3,918 ft. Fort Davis - 15.86 in. / 4,880 ft. Ft Stockton - 14.06 in. / 3,000 ft. Marathon - 14.51 in. / 4,055 ft. Marfa - 15.79 in. / 4,760 ft. Pecos - 11.61 in. / 2,610 ft. Presidio - 10.76 in. / 2,560 ft.

Common Vegetation


In the Desert Creosote shrub Lechuguilla Prickly pear Yucca Agave Sotol Ocotillo
In the Mountains mexico pinyon jaw Ponderosa jaw Chisos red oak Big-toothed maple mslsec.com madrone Alligator juniper
In Wetlands (cienegas, rivers, washes) Cottonwood pasture Desert pasture Seep pasture Alkali sacaton typical reed gigantic reed (not native) Salt cedar (not native)

Learn much more on ours Wildscapes page: tree Guidance because that Trans-Pecos

Rare plants & Habitats

Bunched cory cactus Chisos hedgehog cactus Davis eco-friendly pitaya Nellie cory cactus Sneed pincushion cactus Hinckley"s oak tiny aguja pondweed Lloyd"s mariposa cactus Terlingua Creek cat"s-eye

Learn much more about Endangered and Threatened Plants.

See more: How To Get To Violet City - How Do I Get To Violet City

Common Wildlife


Pronghorn Antelope Squirrel Hooded skunk Coyote Javelina Desert bighorn lamb Mule deer hill lion Cactus computer mouse Collared lizard western diamondback rattlesnake Cactus wren Roadrunner
Painted redstart Townsend"s big eared bat Tarantula Horned lizard Pyrrhuloxia an excellent horned owl Vermilion flycatcher Bullock’s oriole Jackrabbits Blotched watersnakes Rio Grande tetra Round-nosed minnow Catfish green sunfish

Learn more about these pets on our Wildlife reality Sheets.

Rare Animals

black color bearPeregrine falcon Montezuma quailGreater long-nosed Bat mexican spotted owl Desert spring fishes: Comanche Springs Pupfish; Leon Springs Pupfish; Pecos Gambusia; big Bend Gambusia